While the meaning of the colors has changed over time, these three colors were adopted by Mexico following independence from Spain during the country's War of Independence , and subsequent First Mexican Empire. The form of the coat of arms was most recently revised in , but the overall design has been used since , when the First National Flag was created. Red, white, and green are the colors of the national army in Mexico. The central emblem is the Mexican coat of arms, based on the Aztec symbol for Tenochtitlan now Mexico City , the center of the Aztec empire.
The struggle for Mexican independence took place under a number of flags, but, when it was finally achieved in under the conservative Iguala Plan , a tricolour of green-white-red was officially established. This design may have been influenced by the French Tricolor , but the colours were distinctively Mexican. That political compromise allowed Mexico to free itself from Spain while preserving the supremacy of Roman Catholicism and of the social system in which the privileged Creoles ruled over those of mixed ethnic background and the Indian majority. The central emblem on the tricolour shows in graphic form the foundation myth of the ancient Aztec empire.
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The following is a list of flags used in the United Mexican States. Baja California Sur . Durango .